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Being a hands-on Dad of three young children, I am always keen to learn and pick up parenting skills and knowledge that will bring our relationships to the next level. I want to be able to relate to them and be their safe harbour while they navigate through their adventures in life. In our digital world, where children are increasingly seeking attention and answers from social media sites such as Facebook, Instagram, MySpace, SnapChat etc and the Internet, (aka “Selfie Syndrome”), I find it compelling to understand what goes through their young minds when they go online.
After attending the session “Offering your child the emotional support he needs” by Dr Michele Borba, keynote speaker at the Singapore Parenting Congress 2017, I am enlightened. One of the key findings that she shared is that teens are now 40 percent less empathetic than 30 years ago and narcissism has increased 58 percent! Studies have shown that our children are increasingly growing up in a world where “ME” takes more priority than “WE”. As a result, we are witnessing more bullying, peer cruelty, aggression and prejudice from children than ever.
The good news is that the selfie behaviour is largely human made and we can overturn the Selfie Syndrome to raise our little ones to have kind and caring hearts. Dr Borba briefly outlined 9 strategies for developing, practicing and living empathy during her presentation as follow (with content added from her book). If you would like to know more about Dr Borba’s strategies backed by research to teach empathy, you could borrow a copy of the “UnSelfie: Why Empathetic Kids Succeed in Our All-About-Me World” at the National Library Board. I hope you’ll pick up numerous tips and tricks to add to your parenting belt, just like me.
1. Teaching Children Emotional Literacy
Before a child can put himself into someone’s shoes, he must first develop the ability to read non-verbal cues in facial expressions, gestures and voice tones. Beefing up his emotional vocabulary during this process is key. Hence, help your child to understand feelings whenever you can. Put aside your digital device and tune in your child. Ask your child how he feel about his day, an incident or someone whom they have just come in contact. e.g. “How do you think Grandma is feeling right now when we are going to leave?” Always look face to face when communicating with your child. To get your child’s eye contact, try Dr Borba’s suggestion, “Get your child to always look at the colour of the talker’s eyes”. It is very useful and I have seen my eldest child responding well to the idea.
2. Developing a Moral Identity
Social scientists revealed that most of the empathetic ordinary citizens share a deep belief in humanity. They care about the feelings and thoughts of others and most credited their parents for forming a strong moral identity. At their early age, you can start to identify core values that the family stands for and plant these in your little ones. Involve your child and discuss questions such as “What kind of family do we want to become? What kind of feelings do we want in the house? How do we want others to describe us?” Whatever values you choose, remember your child is modelling your behaviour – what you do, matters.
3. Instilling Perspective Taking
Role-playing and Imagineering have been found to be effective ways to help a child gain the perspective of the other party. By deliberately putting your child in a ‘real-life’ situation and get him to imagine the consequences of a particular action can boost perspective taking. e.g Ask questions like, “Joseph Schooling won the 100m butterfly gold medal at the Olympics, how do you think he felt when he stood on the podium?” “That boy looks sad with the melted ice-cream in his hand, what do you think he needs to feel better?” According to research, when a child can understand others’ perspective, chances are they are more likely to be empathetic, better adjusted and have healthier peer relationships.
4. Reading to Cultivate Empathy
Studies have found that the more stories young children read, the stronger their ability to figure out what other people are thinking and feeling. If stories are so impactful, what would you read to your child? What are the values that you would like to see in your child? Commonsense.org offers a wide range of reviews for movies, games, apps, TV shows, websites, books, and music. Do a check on the website to ascertain the ratings and reviews for each media before exposing your child to it.
5. Managing Strong Emotions and Mastering Self-Regulation
To practice empathy in their daily lives, children need to learn additional habits. One of them is self-regulation. It composes skills such as self-awareness, self-management, emotional literacy and problem solving. When it comes to learning self-regulation, we are our children’s best reference. How do you handle conflicts in the family? How do you handle when someone knock your drink over at the restaurant? One of the suggested strategies is for children to pick up age appropriate yoga. Through mindful breathing and intentional body movements, it helps to relieve stresses and tensions which are the key obstacles to staying calm in a child.
6. Practice Kindness
Studies have found close association between happiness, self-esteem, health and resilience and practicing kindness. When kids perform acts of kindness, they feel the joy of giving. And kindness does not necessarily cost a dime. Giving up your seat to a person in need i.e. the elderly, pregnant ladies, little children or sharing your food or umbrella with a classmate etc. The more kids practice acts of kindness, the more likely they will adopt it as a habit. (Do you know that it requires at least 21 consecutive days of performing an action consistently to form a habit?) Make acts of kindness a natural part of your family ritual. Sharing this article to another parent is an act of kindness too! 😊
7. Cultivating Empathy Through Teamwork and Collaboration
Home is often the best place to encourage teamwork. Work together as a family to finalise the grocery shopping list, festive decoration for the house or even planning an overseas trip etc. Through interactions, problem solving and task divisions, your child will get to experience the process of collaboration and value of teamwork. Try to use “we” or “us” more frequently to develop a cooperative and collaborative mindset. It may not be easy initially with some coordination and moderation required from the adults but as your child learn to get along, compromise and empathise with others the process is worth it.
8. Promoting Moral Courage
If someone needs help that your child can provide, how would you like your child to react? Similar to moral identity, research links having the courage to stick out and respond to challenging situations to parenting. If you would like to see your child helping others in need, start instilling social responsibility in him at an early age. Show him when you go out of your way to help someone in need. Boost his courage by getting him to face difficult situation squarely instead of helping them out. eg. Getting the child to tell the swim coach that he forgotten about the practice, admitting to the teacher for breaking the window etc. Remember, the best person to plant the seeds of moral courage in your child is none other than you.
9. Being A Changemaker
People often mistaken that it takes a lot to provide meaningful assistance or make significant impacts. True for tough global issues. We cannot change the world but we all can make a difference and create positive change for someone. Identify a passion in your child, say playing the violin. You could approach the elderly home and volunteer your family time entertaining the folks with music and dance. You could even scale it up by roping in your child’s violinist friends to raise fund for the elderly home.
Encouraging your child to help others can bring him immense happiness and a sense of fulfillment that no material gain could offer. Provide encouragement and support no matter how small the effort may seem. Praise his character. Make ‘Helping Others’ a routine part of his childhood. Children can be empathetic changemakers only when they are given regular opportunities to help others.
“Empathy is the root of humanity and the foundation that helps our children become good, caring people.” – Dr Michele Borba
Thank you, MediaCorp and Families for Life for organising this event. Looking forward to attend the next parenting event.
A wefie with Dr Michele Borba
“In our limited life, few things truly matters. Family is one of them.” – Tan Chin Hock
Tags: Child Development /Parent-Child Relationships
A father of 3, the Filial Piety Award Recipient strives to be a role model to his children. Chin Hock is also the author of Father (父), Mother (母).
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