​​Effects of Bullying

In the past, bullying was considered a harmless childhood phenomenon. However, in recent times, people have come to realise that bullying entails many undesirable consequences for those involved- the targeted, the aggressor and the bystander. Bullying can also happen to anyone at any time.

Effects of Bullying-Image

The targeted (those who are bullied)

Those who are bullied are more likely to experience negative impacts in life and development, such as:

  • Drop in academic grades and poor school attendance
  • Loneliness and poor social relationship
  • Physical ill-health
  • Lowered self-esteem and depression
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Self-harming
  • Revenge leading to violent juvenile behaviour
Effects of Bullying-Image

The aggressor (those who bully others)

Bullying not only affects the one getting bullied, but also the one doing it. They are more likely to:

  • Abuse alcohol and drugs
  • Get into fights and vandalise property
  • Drop out of school
  • Have criminal convictions
  • Be abusive toward their romantic partners, spouses, or children as adults
Effects of Bullying-Image

The bystander (those who witness bullying)

Those who witness bullying are also likely to be affected mentally and emotionally. They are prone to:

  • Experience a sense of fear or guilt towards the one who was bullied
  • See bullying as being normal
  • Miss or skip school

Bullycide (suicide caused by the results of bullying)

Those who are bullied are at risk of suicide; however, bullying alone is not the cause. Many issues contribute to suicide risk, including depression, problems at home, and trauma history. Bullying can make an unsupportive situation worse.

Contributed by:
Bully-Free @ Children’s Society